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Home > Ministries > Music Ministry > Organ

The Aeolian-Skinner/Quimby Pipe Organ

at St. Theresa Church.

 

IN 1932, when E. Power Biggs, one of the most prominent organists of the 20th century, arrived at Christ Episcopal Church on the campus of Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts, he found the church possessed a two manual Hook & Hastings organ, Opus 1167 of 1883, listed on the Hook & Hastings opus list as having 25 registers.  Among the choristers in Biggs’ men-and-boys choir was a youthful Charles Fisk, later to achieve fame as one of the more significant American organbuilders of the second half of the twentieth century.  The inadequacies of the Hook & Hastings organ must have been very apparent to Biggs, though the rector fired him in 1935 for neglecting his duties – Biggs already had a very full recital program which often drew him away from his church work at this time – and he did not remain organist long enough to see the Christ Church organ replaced.  Erroneously, many have given E. Power Biggs the credit for the decision to purchase Æolian-Skinner Opus 1007 and in developing the instrument's tonal specification.

 

            Christ Church, Cambridge signed a contract with the Æolian-Skinner Organ Company of Boston, Massachusetts for a new organ, the firm’s Opus 1007, on June 5, 1940.  G. Donald Harrison was responsible for the organ.  He was tonal director and President of the Æolian-Skinner Company and probably the world’s foremost organbuilder of his day.  As in a few other instruments, including the organ for St. Mary the Virgin (Episcopal), New York, Harrison collaborated with Ernest White over the tonal design of the Cambridge organ.  This collaboration resulted in an instrument in some ways atypical of Harrison’s work – rather more clear and brilliant than most but somewhat lacking in basic fundamental tone.  White’s ideas were taken to extremes when he was tonal director of the Hagerstown, Maryland firm of M. P. Möller, Inc., in the 1960s, but in this earlier period and moderated by the influence of Harrison they resulted in quite an impressive design in the “American Classic” style.

 

            The Christ Church, Cambridge organ duly emerged from the Æolian-Skinner workshop in 1941 and created quite a stir in the organ circles of its day for being what was then a very progressive and enlightened design.  The instrument was featured on the company's 78 R.P.M. promotional recording "Studies in Tone."  Unfortunately, however, in its original location the instrument suffered from less than desirable acoustics.  The instrument was very large for the building and had to be crammed into every nook and cranny of the rather inaccessible chambers.  The instrument was hopelessly buried and the sound was never able to get out properly.  Furthermore, the building, which dates from 1761, is extremely poor for sound and the acoustics only exacerbated the shortcomings of the layout.  By the turn of the twenty-first century the mechanism needed rebuilding and was also becoming very unreliable, so that there were numerous ciphers during the services.  The church therefore decided to replace the pipe organ with a completely new one.  The new organ was built by Schoenstein & Company of San Francisco as their Opus 149 of 2005.  It is similar in size, with three manuals and fifty ranks, and has a much better layout.  It was completed in 2006.

 

            Christ Church, Cambridge advertised their vintage organ, Æolian-Skinner Opus 1007, for sale and an agreement was reached for its purchase with St. Theresa Catholic Church in Sugar Land, Texas.  St. Theresa Parish engaged the Warrensburg, Missouri firm of Quimby Pipe Organs, Inc. to remove the pipe organ, rebuild it and reinstall it in their church. The fine vintage pipework, much of it made of the highest quality frosted tin, was carefully restored and the voicing adjusted to compensate for the original lack of fundamental.  New cases were designed by Father Stephen B. Reynolds, and the church's architect, Duncan Stroik, and a new and more effective layout was planned.  Furthermore with the very satisfactory acoustics of the St. Theresa Catholic Church the instrument now has an acoustical environment that enhances its sound, rather than detracting from it as the acoustics of the Cambridge church had done.  The transformation has been amazing and the organ now sounds like the magnificent instrument that it always potentially was but which in practice it never had the opportunity to become.

 

            The following is a list of associates of Quimby Pipe Organs, Inc., who participated in the rebuilding of the Æolian-Skinner pipe organ:  Mark Cline, Bart Colliver, Tim Duchon, Chris Emerson, Eric Johnson, Wes Martin, Brad McGuffey, Joseph Nielsen, Michael Quimby, Janille Rehkop, John Speller, and Elizabeth Viscusi.  Others assisting with the installation were:  George Gibson, Tom Martin, Brad Richards, David Richards, and Severin Zindler.

 

            The tonal specification of the organ as rebuilt in St. Theresa Catholic Church is as follows:

 

 

GREAT ORGAN  

 

Violone                                   16        61  pipes

Principal                                    8’       61  pipes  

Harmonic Flute                         8’        49  pipes * (1-12 from Bourdon)

Bourdon                                     8’        61  pipes 

Cello                                         8’        61  pipes 

Dulciana                                    8’        61  notes   from Choir

Octave                                        4’        61  pipes

Koppel Flöte                              4’        61  pipes  

Twelfth                                   2⅔’        61  pipes

Fifteenth                                    2’        61  pipes

Seventeenth                         1 3/5’       61  pipes *

Nineteenth                              1⅓’                          prepared for

Fourniture IV                             2’      232  pipes

Cornet III  TC                         2⅔’                          prepared for

Bombarde                               16        61  notes   from Pedal

Trompette Harmonique             8’        61  pipes *

Bombarde                                  8’        61  notes   from Pedal

Great to Great                         16’

Great Unison Off

Great to Great                            4’

 

SWELL ORGAN 

 

Flute Conique                         16’        73  pipes 

Viola da Gamba                         8’        61  pipes 

Voix Celeste                              8’        61  pipes

Rohrflöte                                   8’        61  pipes  

Flute Conique                            8’        61  notes   ext

Flute Celeste TC                        8’                          prepared for

Principal                                    4’        61  pipes

Nachthorn                                  4’        61  pipes

Super Octave                             2’        61  pipes

Plein Jeu III                                2’      183  pipes

Contre Trompette                   16’                          prepared for

Basson                                     16’        73  pipes *

Trompette                                  8’        61  pipes

Hautbois                                    8’        61  notes   ext

Krummhorn                               8’        61  notes   from Choir

Voix Humaine                                       8’                         prepared for

Clairon                                                   4’        61  pipes

Tremolo

Swell to Swell                        16’

Swell Unison Off

Swell to Swell                           4’

 

CHOIR ORGAN

Enclosed

 

Dulciana                                 16’        73  pipes 

Principal                                    8’        61  pipes *

Nachthorn                                  8’        61  pipes

Viole                                          8’        61  pipes  

Viole Celeste                             8’        61  pipes

Dulciana                                    8’        61  notes   ext

Spitz Principal                                       4’        61  pipes *

Rohrflöte                                   4’        61  pipes

Nazard                                 2 2/3’       61  pipes

Blockflöte                                  2’        61  pipes

Tierce                                   1 3/5’       61  pipes

Scharf III                                    1’      183  pipes

Bombarde                                  8’        61  notes   from Pedal

Trompette Harmonique             8’        61  notes   from Great

Krummhorn                               8’        61  pipes

Tremolo

Choir to Choir                        16’

Choir Unison Off

Choir to Choir                           4’

 

PEDAL ORGAN 

 

Principal                                 16’        32  pipes  

Bourdon                                  16’        32  pipes *

Violone                                   16’        32  notes   from Great

Flute Conique                         16’        32  notes   from Swell

Dulciana                                 16’        32  notes   from Choir

Octave                                       8’        32  pipes  

Gedeckt                                      8’        32  pipes

Flute Conique                            8’        32  notes   from Swell

Dulciana                                    8’        32  notes   from Choir

Choral Bass                              4’        32  pipes  

Rohrflöte                                  4’        32  pipes

Flute Conique                            4’        32  notes   from Swell

Blockfl            öte                                  2’        32  pipes

Mixture III                           2 2/3’       96  pipes

Bombarde                               16’        73  pipes  

Basson                                     16’        32  notes   from Swell

Trompette                                  8’        32  notes   ext

Trompette Harmonique             8’        32  notes   from Great

Clairon                                                   4’        32  notes   ext

Hautbois                                    4’        32  notes   from Swell

 

COUPLERS

 

Great to Pedal                  8’

Swell to Pedal                  8’

Swell to Pedal                  4’

Choir to Pedal                  8’

Choir to Pedal                  4’

 

Swell to Great                16’

Swell to Great                  8’

Swell to Great                  4’

Choir to Great                16’

Choir to Great                  8’

Choir to Great                  4’

 

Swell to Choir               16’

Swell to Choir                  8’

Swell to Choir                 4’

 

All Swells to Swell

Manual Transfer

 

MIDI on Great

MIDI on Swell

MIDI on Choir

MIDI on Pedal

 

*  Additions to the original tonal specification

 

Æolian-Skinner Opus 1007

Rebuilt and Relocated by Quimby Pipe Organs, Inc. 2007

 

 

 
Copyright © 2000-2006 St. Theresa Catholic Church. All rights reserved.
115 Seventh Street, Sugar Land TX 77478